SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans: how to apply for EIDL (IMPORTANT 2021 UPDATE)

In this 5-minute read:

  • How to apply for SBA disaster funding
  • What is the SBA economic injury disaster loan (EIDL) program?
  • Is the EIDL program currently open?
  • Should I apply for PPP loans instead of EIDL?
  • What is the EIDL advance, and “targeted EIDL advance” from SBA?
  • Is the SBA accepting new applications for the EIDL advance?
  • How do I find out if my area or small business qualifies?
  • Who can I contact for more information?

Due to the continuing effects of the coronavirus pandemic, Congress has approved an additional $900 billion in relief in 2021. The economic relief package contains roughly $284 billion to replenish the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), and an additional $20 billion for the EIDL (Economic Injury Disaster Loan) program, in addition to allowing new types of businesses access to these funds.

PLEASE NOTE: THE EIDL ADVANCE PROGRAM IS NOT CURRENTLY OPEN FOR NEW APPLICATIONS. The SBA is focusing first on Targeted EIDL Advances (see below) to people who applied for the EIDL program last year but were underfunded or unable to receive an EIDL grant due to lack of program funding. There haven’t been any announcements about when businesses may start to apply for new EIDL grants/advances for 2021. We expect the EIDL advance program to re-open in early February, 2021, starting with Targeted EIDL Advances.

The PPP Loan program, however, is currently taking applications for forgivable First and Second Draw loans, and you may qualify for far more funds under the PPP than you would for an EIDL advance, depending on your revenue. Under the new terms of the PPP for 2021, you may apply for a “second draw” PPP loan even if you were approved and funded for a PPP loan in 2020. In addition, there are new terms and expenses that are covered under PPP loans and are forgivable, and these terms apply to previous PPP loans if they haven’t been forgiven yet. See this article for more details.

The U.S. Small Business Administration has disaster assistance to help businesses during times of crisis and national emergencies. We’ll walk you through how this assistance can help your business as well as going over step-by-step how to apply (when the SBA starts allowing new applications). 

Get your PPP loan or second draw PPP loan through Womply! Womply has helped over 200,000 businesses get their PPP funding. It’s free to apply for a PPP loan, and Womply can help connect you with an SBA lender that’s right for you! Start your PPP application.

Should I apply for a PPP loan or an EIDL advance/loan?

The PPP loan is fully forgivable if used on approved expenses, so we recommend EVERY small business, sole proprietor, independent contractor, and self-employed individual apply now for a first or second draw PPP loan. The deadline is March 31, 2021. Depending on your revenue and the specifics of your situation, you might qualify for far more funding under the PPP loan than you would get in an EIDL advance.

In addition, as noted above, the SBA is not accepting any new EIDL advance applications currently, so if you didn’t already apply AND you don’t meet the SBA’s criteria for a “targeted EIDL advance,” your chances of getting funding are very low at this time.

The PPP loan program has plenty of funding ($284 billion) and has a simplified application form for 2021, with more businesses eligible. If you have a small business or have any 1099 income, or even if you reported “side hustle” or gig work or contract work income using your social security number, you likely will qualify for a forgivable PPP loan. Start your PPP loan application now!

What’s the difference between an EIDL loan, an EIDL advance, and a “targeted EIDL advance” for 2021?

The SBA has offered both loans and “grants” or advances under the EIDL program, including a “targeted EIDL advance” in December, 2020.

A TARGETED EIDL ADVANCE is intended to provide businesses “located in low-income communities with additional funds to ensure small business continuity, adaptation, and resiliency.”

This targeted EIDL advance applies only to applicable businesses located in low-income communities who already applied for and previously received an EIDL Advance for less than $10,000, or those who applied but received no funds due to lack of available program funding. If you don’t fit into this category, you don’t qualify for a “targeted EIDL advance.” The SBA is currently reaching out to businesses who qualify.

The SBA will first reach out to businesses that already received a partial EIDL Advance (between $1,000-$9,000). Applicants will be contacted directly by the SBA via email in the coming weeks with instructions to determine eligibility and submit documentation.

Applicants may qualify if they are located in a low-income community AND can demonstrate more than 30% reduction in revenue during an 8-week period beginning on March 2, 2020, or later.

Next, the SBA will reach out to those who applied for EIDL assistance on or before December 27, 2020, but did not receive an EIDL Advance due to lack of program funding. These applicants will receive an email from SBA with instructions to determine eligibility and submit documentation. Applicants may qualify for a Targeted EIDL Advance if they meet the above criteria (low-income location and reduction in revenue) AND have 300 or fewer employees. Again, the SBA will reach out to you if you qualify.

An EIDL ADVANCE is not currently available, but we expect the program to be reopened soon, after the SBA completes their assessment of people eligible for “targeted EIDL advances” discussed above. An EIDL Advance is a forgivable advance of up to $10,000 that was originally calculated based on the number of employees indicated on an applicant’s COVID-19 EIDL application: $1,000/employee, up to a maximum of $10,000.

  • EIDL Advance does not have to be repaid.
  • Recipients do not have to be approved for an EIDL loan to receive the EIDL Advance.
  • The amount of the loan Advance was deducted from total EIDL loan eligibility.
  • Contrary to how it originally worked, businesses who received an EIDL Advance in addition to the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan will no longer have the amount of the EIDL Advance subtracted from the forgiveness amount of their PPP loan.

An EIDL LOAN is a non-forgivable, low-interest loan available to small business owners and qualified agricultural businesses in all U.S. states and territories impacted by COVID-19. This loan has a relatively low interest rate, but it must be repaid. To learn more about non-forgivable SBA EIDL loans, read their FAQ.

It is currently unclear how many new applicants will be accepted for 2021 EIDL advances and/or loans after the SBA’s current priority of fulfilling targeted EIDL advances for businesses that were underfunded over the past year.  We will post updates as soon as it becomes available. Read more FAQ about EIDL advances.

However, the PPP forgivable loan program is currently accepting applications for both first and second-draw PPP loans, and businesses can receive far more funding from a PPP loan, depending on their needs. Start your PPP loan application now!

What are SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL loans)?

While the EIDL advance or grant is a forgivable loan advance of up to $10,000, the SBA’s Economic Injury Disaster Loans offer up to $2 million in non-forgivable, low-interest Disaster Relief Lending assistance per small business. These are loans and must be repaid, but they can provide vital economic support to small businesses to help overcome the temporary loss of revenue they are experiencing during this global crisis.

It’s important to note that not all businesses nor all areas of the U.S. are eligible to apply:

  • The U.S. Small Business Administration is offering designated states and territories low-interest federal disaster loans for working capital to small businesses suffering substantial economic injury as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19). Upon a request received from a state’s or territory’s Governor, SBA will issue under its own authority, as provided by the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act that was recently signed by the president, an Economic Injury Disaster Loan declaration.
  • Any such Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance declaration issued by the SBA makes loans available to small businesses and private, non-profit organizations in designated areas of a state or territory to help alleviate economic injury caused by the Coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • SBA’s Office of Disaster Assistance will coordinate with your state’s or territory’s Governor to submit the request for Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance.
  • Once a declaration is made for designated areas within a state, the information on the application process for Economic Injury Disaster Loan assistance will be made available to all affected communities.
  • These loans may be used to pay fixed debts, payroll, accounts payable and other bills that can’t be paid because of the disaster’s impact. The interest rate is 3.75% for small businesses without credit available elsewhere. Businesses with credit available elsewhere are not eligible. The interest rate for non-profits is 2.75%.
  • SBA offers loans with long-term repayments in order to keep payments affordable, up to a maximum of 30 years. Terms are determined on a case-by-case basis, based upon each borrower’s ability to repay.
  • SBA’s Economic Injury Disaster Loans are just one piece of the expanded focus of the federal government’s coordinated response, and the SBA is strongly committed to providing the most effective and customer-focused response possible.
  • Note that the current deadlines show that applications will be accepted through December of 2020, however we recommend applying ASAP as the volume of applications is only going to continue to grow.

Who can I contact for more information about SBA disaster loans?

Please contact the SBA disaster assistance customer service center via phone at 1-800-659-2955 (TTY: 1-800-877-8339) or e-mail disastercustomerservice@sba.gov for more information about Economic Injury Disaster Loans during this time. 

How do I determine if my small business qualifies for SBA assistance?

Not all businesses are eligible for disaster assistance from the SBA. Eligible businesses must meet the following criteria:

  • Your business must be located in an area within a state or territory declared as a Disaster Incident for Coronavirus (COVID-19) (search here)
  • Businesses with credit available elsewhere are not eligible

These loans must be used to pay fixed debts, payroll, accounts payable, and other bills that can’t be paid because of the disaster’s impact. The funds can not be used for other purposes. 

How do I apply for SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans?

When the SBA starts accepting new EIDL applications, if you are in a qualified location and would like to apply for disaster assistance from the SBA, follow these steps. 

Step 1

Visit https://disasterloan.sba.gov/ela/ and click “Eligible Disaster Areas.”

Step 2

Find your state in the dropdown and click “Filter” to determine if your area has any SBA declared disasters. Confirm that your location is declared as a Disaster Incident for Coronavirus (COVID-19). 

Here’s an example from California:

Step 3

Apply Online at disasterloan.sba.gov. Log into your account. If you don’t already have one, proceed to Step 4. If you already have an account, proceed to Step 5. 

Step 4

If you do not have an existing account, you must first register to create one.

Click “Register” and fill out at least the required fields in Part 1 of the registration form:

  • First and last name
  • Social security number
  • Date of birth
  • Address, City, State, and Zip
  • Primary phone number
  • Check the acknowledgment box

Click next to fill out Part 2. 

On Part 2, create your username and password and set up security questions for your account. Enter the code that you are provided and click “Next.”

Step 5

Once registered, you can start the workflow required before applying for your Economic Injury Disaster Loan. 

When you are logged into your account you’ll land on the dashboard. From here, click “Apply Online.”

Next, choose “Businesses and Non-Profits.”

Choose the type of legal organization that is appropriate for your business and then select Economic Injury (EIDL).

Choose the location of your business. Note that this should then display your location and CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) as the Disaster Name. 

Then click “Next” and on the following pages, click the checkboxes to certify that you agree to the terms.

Step 6

Now you’re ready to actually start the application process! In your dashboard, click “Start” next to “Complete the Disaster Business Loan Application.”

Step 7: Apply for your loan

Now it’s time to fill out the application. You’ll have three pages of information to fill out. Answer honestly and to the best of your knowledge for each question. This is where you’ll fill out information about your business, the owners, and what the loan is for. 

Click “Next” and save your application. 

That’s all there is to it! The SBA will be in touch with you to let you know the status of your application and whether you’re approved.

If you need emergency funding, let Womply help you to apply for a forgivable PPP loan

As you know, it’s free to apply for a PPP loan, and we know you have lots of choices. So why should you let Womply connect you with an approved SBA lender? Because we know what we’re doing and people love the help we provide. We’ve helped over 200,000 businesses, contractors, sole proprietors, and self-employed individuals get approved. Don’t wait! The deadline is March 31, 2021.

Start your PPP application now!

Learn more, plus get free reputation monitoring and customer insights when you sign up for Womply Free!

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